EFFECT OF ADVERSE NATURAL EVENTS ON LIVELIHOOD ACTIVITIES IN THE SOUTH CENTRAL COASTAL REGION OF BANGLADESH
Coastal area of Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to climate change effects and natural hazards. Agriculture, livelihood, fisheries and livestock sector is highly defenseless sectors. This study conducted the probable effects on livelihood activities due to adverse natural events and identifying the most vulnerable group with their adaptation and coping strategies. Baseline survey, focus group discussion (FGD) and questionnaire survey conducted from 100 respondents by accepting random sampling techniques within January to June, 2016. Modified DPSIR (Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response) framework and Impact Matrix (IM) applied for conceptual analysis about the effects of adverse event on livelihood activities. Tidal flow, storm surge, natural hazards, heavy fog and lightning was the common adverse natural events. On an average, 54611 BDT year-1 lost by single respondent due to adverse natural events. According to cross relation among adverse natural events, livelihood activities and its capitals, impact factor value of were 3.01667 and 3.06 respectively. These values described the impact on livelihood and livelihood capitals were medium impacted by these adverse natural events. Farmers and very poor communities were highly vulnerable for adverse natural events. Common adaptation and copping strategies were changing their livelihood pattern, alternative livelihood and indigenous knowledge. So the effective actions to cope with and reduce the adverse effects of natural event have now become vital requirement.