SECONDARY EDUCATION IN BANGLADESH: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
Education is considered as one of the most important factors for the development of human potential as well as socio-economic growth. It is also a constitutional right of citizen in Bangladesh. The main objective of the present paper is to analyze the major issues and challenges that thwart the success of secondary education in Bangladesh. The study follows content analysis method of secondary research approach. The result shows an increasing trend of net enrollment and gross enrollment ratios of both boys and girls. The dropout rate of girls is 45.92 in the year 2015 that is also a challenge to achieve government target. Teacher student ratio 1:41, larger classroom size (60), paucity of trained teacher (67.88%), computer facilities (82.21%), internet connection (72.98%), electricity connection (85.38%), multimedia facilities (71.90%). Frequent leakage of question paper, insufficiency of secondary education institutions are the pressing challenges in secondary education sectors of Bangladesh. The study recommends that, to achieve the targets of goal 4 of SDGs then it should put equal emphasis on general, madrasha, vocational and technical education in secondary level. The government should also increase the budget allocation for madrasha, vocational and technical education, create training facilities for teachers, provide ICT enabled infrastructures, take rigid punitive measures against question paper leakage and stop coaching business of teachers in order to ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality secondary education in Bangladesh.