WORKING PATTERN AND LOCATION WISE WAGE GAP AND ITS IMPACT ON INCOME GENERATION BY FEMALE LABOURER OF BANGLADESH
This study was conducted to find out the impact of female wage gap with their male counterpart on family income generation in the selected areas of Sirajgonj and Dhaka districts of Bangladesh. Farm survey method was used to collect primary data on four categories of labourers from field, rice mill in rural areas and construction, garments in urban areas during 2014. Results show the female labourers’ income were Tk. 2,602.27/month, Tk. 1,233.05/month and Tk. 391.01/month less than their male counterpart for construction, rice mill and field work respectively. Results indicated that wage in case of different working patterns ( rice mill, field, construction) at different working location (rural and urban area); job experience, working length/period (hour/day,day/week) of female labourer is much lower than male labourer. These factors have great impact on income generation of female labourer. That is why, income of female labourer was much lower than the male labourer in both rural and urban areas of Bangladesh. Therefore, working length (hr/month) and the wage (Tk./hr) of female labourer according to different pattern of works and location, should increase rationally for ensuring the equal treatment of both male and female for generating family income.